June 15, 2022
The outcome of the latest International Maritime Organisation (IMO) meeting, MEPC 78, shows that progress is being made on GHG matters. EEXI, CII and SEEMP guidelines were finalized, and the Mediterranean Sea will be considered a Sulphur emission control area (SECA). However, no decision regarding zero emissions target in 2050 was taken at this point.
Guidelines related to EEXI, CII and SEEMP were finalized during MEPC 78, making them ready for implementation. The following CII updates are highlighted:
The Mediterranean Sea will be considered a Sulphur emission control area (SECA), requiring vessels to utilize bunkers with less than 0.1 % Sulphur content (Earliest enforcement May 2024).
An intersessional working group had developed draft guidelines on life cycle GHG intensity for marine fuels. In the 78th session the work was approved to continue through a correspondence group that shall provide an intermediate report at MEPC 79 (Dec 2022) and final report at MEPC 80 (spring 2023). The GHG intensity will include the impact from CO2, CH4 and N2O (in line with the proposal from the EU Parliament’s environmental committee regarding the revision of the union’s Emissions Trading System (EU ETS)).
What was discussed?
The Intersessional Working Group on Reduction of GHG Emissions from Ships (ISWG-GHG) continues their work with the revised IMO GHG strategy. A revised strategy was not yet suggested, but they have identified the need to define intermediate targets, and to discuss definitions such as zero emissions and net zero. Further discussion will take place in the close future, but the finalization and adoption of the revised strategy is not planned until MEPC 80.
Several proposals for market-based measures were discussed prior to MEPC 78, but they were not further addressed at the session. Discussions will continue at an intersessional meeting prior to MEPC 79. The following proposed measures are highlighted: